Dr. Jerri Bartholomew and Dr. Stephen Atkinson have been awarded a grant from the Binational Agriculture Research and Development Fund in partnership with Dr. Tamar Lotan at the U. of Haifa, Israel to study how fish parasites sense and sting their fish hosts: using salmon and trout models in the USA and farmed tilapia in Israel.  The objective is to characterize host sensing and signaling mechanisms in the hopes of preventing infection.